09/15/2013. Iron bells as markers of trade and migration. A bell of Singapore's Ning Yang Huiguan, dated 1834, shows that Taishanese migrants were going to Southeast Asia long before the troubles at home that are supposed to have caused them to come to North America in the 1850s.
10/05/2012. New "Cities" page. With short summaries of the Chinese history of various cities in the Pacific Northwest, including cross-links to relevant articles on other pages. So far, Portland, Port Townsend, Seattle, Tacoma, and Astoria have been posted. 10/23: Victoria too. Vancouver, Spokane, and Boise will follow in due course.
The purpose of this site and of CINARC is to encourage
collaboration in exploring the history of Chinese in the Pacific Northwest - in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, British Columbia, Alaska, etc. - between the first known arrival of Chinese in 1788 and the great changes in the regional Chinese population that followed the liberalizing of U.S. immigration laws in 1965. 美洲西北岸华裔早期历史
Chinese in Northwest America Research Committee
HISTORICAL CHINESE-AMERICAN TOPICS
Comments on a recent news article about the remedies preserved in the Kam Wah Chung Museum
plus new information from the account books of a merchant and labor contractor, Chin Gee Hee
Includes cures for shingles, toothache, swollen feet, and belly button wind
Chop Suey 杂碎
This famous food forms an important, though not always admired, part of American culinary history.
New research shows that it was invented in New York and that it came late to the Northwest.
Historians often have trouble identifying American place names in early Chinese-language writings.
This section is offered as an aid to researchers, here and in China. [Updated 12/16/09]
This will eventually include most of the U.S. and Canadian organizations that specialize in Chinese-
North American history.
A good many Chinese sailors and skilled craftsmen worked for British traders on the west coast
of Vancouver in the late 18th century. The traders were collecting sea otter furs for sale in China.
(Chinese sailors visited the East Coast even earlier, in 1785)
Smuggling Chinese Immigrants 非法入境
For many decades, the border between British Columbia and Washington State saw intense smuggling
activity as well as spasmodic efforts to enforce immigration laws. Here we present outstanding episodes
in the long, sometimes comic and sometimes tragic war between coast guards and border patrolmen
on the one hand and smugglers on the other. While modern immigrant smugglers often belong to the
ethnic group being smuggled, in the historic Northwest they were mostly European-Americans - sailors,
fishermen, farmers, police, immigration officials, and just about any other sort of white citizen who had
access to a boat or lived near a cross-border trail..
Fishing and Fish Processing 渔业 For the latest features, click on What's New. For info on (1) the CINARC logo and (2) strange rows of boxes in the text, click here]
Why Chinese in the Early Pacific Northwest Died 亡命天涯
Historians agree that there were many deaths among Chinese sojourners in the Northwest during the 19th and early 20th centuries. However, we have little aggregated information about how many died, and why. The provincial archives preserved in Victoria, B.C., provide more complete data on early Chinese mortality than do records in Washington, Oregon, Idaho, or Alaska.
If so, you're not carrying out the principles of unionism" This quote from a 1906 union newspaper
shows that the hostility of organized labor toward Chinese in Seattle even included laundries. [03/11/09]
Secret Societies or Chinese Freemasons
The goal of many secret societies in China was revolution against the Manchu dynasty thast ruled the country. In southern China, the most important such society was the Hongmen or Tiandihui. In the Americas, renamed the Chee Kung Tong, the society and its offshoots played central roles in Chinatowns during the19th century The visit by an Imperial Commission led by an actual prince, Tsai Tseh (or Tai Ze), improved relations between European-American and Chinese-American leaders. The commissioners were the highest- ranking Chinese to visit Seattle until after World War II. [Updated 07/22/09] The Prince arrived on the Great Northern Railroad's steamship Dakota, then one of the two largest ships on the Pacific. As with its sister ship, the SS Minnesota, many sailors on the SS Dakota were Chinese. [03/01/09] temple in Marysville! [01/25/10] 1871- now The North God: Bi Di, Bok Dai, Bok Kai, Beuk Aie 加拿 大卑斯省域多利谭公庙 A fire damaged much of the temple in the 1990s, but some of its most
important antique furnishings survived which bear dates (In imperial reign years) that prove the temple
already existed in the 19th century. [11/30/2008] 加拿大域多利埠中华会馆大堂 One of the finest shrines in Nortjh America features splendid
calligraphy by notable persons back in China [12/14/2009]
三藩市岡州会馆 - 权贵显赫门楣 Inscriptions by the great Wu Ting Fan and others at an important
center of Daoist worship [01/26/10]
It turns out that a once-notorious detention center for Asian immigrants in Seattle still survives -- as a mini-storage facility about a mile north of the city's central waterfront. The editors visited it in the company of historian John R. Litz, who rediscovered it recently through archival detective work. [01/15/09] In the late nineteenth century, Canada ran one of the nastiest prisons on the continent for Chinese awaiting deportation and for clarification of immigration status. Neither the U.S. nor Canada kept convicted murderers under worse conditions. [Updated 06/20/09] Compared with the one in Victoria, Port Townsend's facility for housing would-be Chinese immigrants sounds relatively humane. Unfortunately, it would soon be closed due to the clout of Seattle and the Great Northern Railroad. [Updated 04/16/09] Ben Ure, famed smuggler and leading citizen of Whidby Island, is reputed to have routinely drowned his
illegal Chinese passengers to avoid detection by the Customs Service. Local folklore treats this as
amusing. We think it is not. [02/12/09]
The dragon's well-preserved remains, no longer in working condition, have been found at the Bok Kai Temple in Marysville, CA. It is the largest and most important surviving Asian artifact from the AYPE.[02/16/09]
The CINARC logo consists of the character for "gold (jin in Mandarin; gum in Cantonese), as written by a famous Tang Dynasty calligrapher, over an image of Mt. Rainier. just south of Seattle. "Gold Mountain" is what the Chinese still call San Francisco and formerly called the entire west coast of the U.S.
Rows of small squares like this -- -- in the text are actually Chinese characters in Microsoft's widely used Unicode format. To see them as readable characters, you might like to activate the Chinese fonts that come with Windows XP, Vista, and Mac OS 9 and higher.
Japan and Japanese-Americans ラスカ・ユーコン 太平洋博覧会
In the Northwest, Japanese outnumbered Chinese by 1909, although racist persecution was
growing despite protection by the Japanese government. That government mounted a major
official exhibit at the AYPE. But local Japanese-Americans produced their own exhibit anyway.
Very few Filipinos lived in the region at the time of the AYPE. The exhibits, which included living
Filipinos, were produced by and for European-Americans.
China and Chinese-Americans
The Chinese population of the Pacific Northwest had fallen sharply since the anti-Chinese riots
of the mid-1880s. China, unable to protect local Chinese, did not take part in the AYPE. And
yet those local Chinese, with surprising confidence, chose to mount a China exhibit of their own.
The AYP Exposition and Other Fairs
The AYPE was not the first world fair for U.S.-resident Asians. They had joined such fairs
since 1893. The fairs played a central role in the growth of new Asian-American identities
Asian-Pacific Women and the AYPE
Women's suffrage was a big theme at the Fair, and Washington women won the right to vote in the next
year, 1910. However, as shown by images of Asian-Pacific women at the Fair, sexism was hardly dead
Based largely on work with primary sources, the AYPE page of this website contains much as-yet
unpublished data about Asian- (Chinese-, Japanese-, Filipino-) American participation in the AYPE.
The AYPE is compared with other American world fairs with Asian exhibits, especially the World's
Columbian Exposition in Chicago (1893) and the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland (1905).
As it turned out, China needed revolution, not reformation. Before that, however, the Baohuanghui, the Preserve-the-Emperor Association, offered new status to U.S. and Canadian Chinese [Updated 07/30/09]
落叶不归根 : 抓李抓嚹早期华人墓地
At least in Walla Walla, Washington, persons buried in the 1920s and 1930s often stayed there rather than being exhumed and shipped back to their home towns in southern China [07/02/09] The home (on Bainbridge Island) belonged to a wealthy Japanese-American, Masajiro Furuya. It served as a summer resort for many Seattle Japanese and as a private agricultural experiment station. Some of the trees he planted survive. They may be the oldest living Asian-American plants in the region [07/15/09] Historians often depict early woman immigrants to is region as powerless victims of a rigid patriarchy and an American society that was both racist and sexist. The historians are right about the patriarchy and the society but not, necessarily, about the women. Many were neither slave-girl prostitutes nor submissive housewives The drug played an important role in the lives and budgets of North American Chinese during the 19th century. For some modern Chinese-Americans it is a closed, forbidden subject. We think it is time that the subject be opened up. Producing and selling opium 煮烟 Smuggling opium, 1880-1920 走私 Using opium 吸烟 Banning opium and curing addicts 禁烟, 戒烟 See above: opium pipe bowls 烟斗excavated in North America, from the famous kilns of Yixing 宜兴(Jiangsu province), Qinzhou 钦州(Guangxi province), and Shiwan/ Shekwan 石湾 (Guangdong province), as used by Chinese immigrants in the U.S. and Canada, We believe these Shiwan examples to be among the first pipe-bowls from that kiln center ever published, in or outside China. Threats from, and actual violence by, local whites bent on ethnic cleansing were a fact of life for Chinese immigrants in the Pacific Northwest. So why did Chinese come, though neither desperate nor poor? Why did they stay with such stubborn bravery? One goal of this website is to seek answers to questions like those.
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Opium Trade & Use Anti-ChineseViolence A-Y-P Exposition Detention Fishing Emperor
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In fact, the term is not even Ameican. It was being used in Singapore by 1844. well before the Gold Rush and the immigration of Chinese miners to California [07/2/10]
This page was last updated: December 12, 2013
(UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED ALL DATA ON THIS PAGE COMES FROM THE EDITORS' OWN RESEARCH ON PRIMARY SOURCES & ARTIFACTS)